|It was in the 10th century that the Countess Mumadona ordered the castle built. Closely linked to the birth|
and foundation of the Kingdom of Portugal, it was the palace of King Afonso Henriques (1111-1185).
|The castle, formed by the keep and the high surrounding walls, incorporated the defensive innovations of the 12th|
and 13th centuries, with the building of towers protecting the curtain walls and flanking the entrances.
|Inside the main tower..|
|The palace was ordered built in the 1st quarter of the 15th century by Afonso, first Duke of Bragança. The size of|
the palace and some architectural details show European (particularly French) influence.
|Undergoing significant alterations over the centuries, it was reconstructed and adapted into a museum |
and the official residence of the President of Portugal, in the mid 20th century.
|by Ana, Guimarães, Portugal|